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Industry Standards

The standards and specifications listed below relate to the application and qualification of solid state spraying processes. This list is provided to identify documents that may be useful from design through procurement, manufacturing, quality control, and maintenance.

There is one standard that has been written specifically to address Cold Spray technology. The U.S. Department of Defense MIL-STD-3021, Materials Deposition, Cold Spray Standard is available for free download in PDF format from the U.S. DoD ASSIST (Acquisition Streamlining and Standardization Information System) website.

The documents in the following table are arranged by Standard Developer Organization (SDO) with links to the relevant SDO website page. In addition, a table has been provided at the bottom of this page with the full organization name and website URL.

SST makes no guarantee that this list is complete or that the document number shown is the most current or relevant issue or version. Most documents are available for purchase from organizations other than those identified here.
 

DOCUMENT NUMBER TITLE # of PAGES LINK

ASTM Standards
ASTM B117-07a Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus 10 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM B212-99(2006) Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Free-Flowing Metal Powders Using the Hall Flowmeter Funnel 3 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM B215-04 Standard Practices for Sampling Metal Powders 4 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM B329-06 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Metal Powders and Compounds Using the Scott Volumeter 3 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM B487-85(2007) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Metal and Oxide Coating Thickness by Microscopical Examination of a Cross Section 4 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM B527-06 Standard Test Method for Determination of Tap Density of Metallic Powders and Compounds 3 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM B571-97(2008)e1 Standard Practice for Qualitative Adhesion Testing of Metallic Coatings 4 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM B703-05 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Powders Using Arnold Meter 3 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM B873-01(2007) Standard Test Method for Measuring Volume of Apparent Density Cup Used in Test Methods B212, B329, and B417 3 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM C633-01(2008) Standard Test Method for Adhesion or Cohesion Strength of Thermal Spray Coatings 7 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM D3359-08 Standard Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test 7 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM D4541-02 Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Strength of Coatings Using Portable Adhesion Testers 13 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM D6128-06 Standard Test Method for Shear Testing of Bulk Solids Using the Jenike Shear Cell 20 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM E3-01(2007) Standard Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens 12 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM E92-82(2003)e2 Standard Test Method for Vickers Hardness of Metallic Materials 9 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM E290-97a(2004) Standard Test Methods for Bend Testing of Material for Ductility 7 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM E407-07 Standard Practice for Microetching Metals and Alloys 23 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM G44-99(2005) Standard Practice for Exposure of Metals and Alloys by Alternate Immersion in Neutral 3.5% Sodium Chloride Solution 5 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM G65-04 Standard Test Method for Measuring Abrasion Using the Dry Sand/Rubber Wheel Apparatus 12 Learn more from ASTM
ASTM G85-02e1 Standard Practice for Modified Salt Spray (Fog) Testing 14 Learn more from ASTM

AWS Standards
AWS C2.16/C2.16M:2002 Guide For Thermal-Spray Operator Qualification 75 Learn more from AWS...
AWS C2.18-93R Guide For The Protection Of Steel With Thermal Sprayed Coatings of Aluminum and Zinc and Their Alloys and Composites 30 Learn more from AWS...
AWS C2.23M/C2.23:2003 Specification For The Application Of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallizing) Of Aluminum, Zinc, And Their Alloys And Composites For The Corrosion Protection Of Steel 37 Learn more from AWS...
AWS C2.23M/C2.23:2003 Specification For The Application Of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallizing) Of Aluminum, Zinc, And Their Alloys And Composites For The Corrosion Protection Of Steel 37 Learn more from AWS...
ISO Standards
ISO 2063:2005 Thermal spraying -- Metallic and other inorganic coatings -- Zinc, aluminium and their alloys 12 Learn more from ISO..
ISO 3923-1:2008 Metallic powders -- Determination of apparent density -- Part 1: Funnel method 5 Learn more from ISO..
SO 17836:2004 Thermal spraying -- Determination of the deposition efficiency for thermal spraying 8 Learn more from ISO..

MIL Specifications
MIL-STD-3021 Materials Deposition, Cold Spray 19 Learn more from US DoD...
(Download PDF)

NACE Standards
NACE No. 3/SSPC SP-6 Commercial Blast Cleaning 12 Learn more from NACE..
NACE No. 8/SSPC-SP 14 Industrial Blast Cleaning 12 Learn more from NACE..
NACE No. 12/AWS C2.23M/SSPC-CS 23.00 Specification For The Application Of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallizing) Of Aluminum, Zinc, And Their Alloys And Composites For The Corrosion Protection Of Steel 37 Learn more from NACE..
 

NFPA Standards
NFPA 654 Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids 43 Learn more from NFPA..
NFPA 484 Standard for Combustible Metals-2009 123 Learn more from NFPA..
NFPA 69 Standard on Explosion Prevention Systems 73 Learn more from NFPA..
NFPA 70 The National Electric Code® 1512 Learn more from NFPA..

OSHA Standards
OSHA 1910.94 Ventilation (abrasive blasting) 25 Learn more from OSHA...
OSHA 1926.57 Ventilation (abrasive blasting in construction) 40 Learn more from OSHA...

SSPC Guides and Standards
SSPC Guide 16 Guide to Specifying and Selecting Dust Collectors 15 Learn more from SSPC...
SSPC Guide 17 Guide to Developing a Corporate Safety Program for Industrial Painting and Coating Contractors 24 Learn more from SSPC...
SSPC CS23.00/AWS C2.23M/NACE No. 12 Specification For The Application Of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallizing) Of Aluminum, Zinc, And Their Alloys And Composites For The Corrosion Protection Of Steel 37 Learn more from SSPC...
SSPC SP 6/NACE No. 3 Commercial Blast Cleaning 12 Learn more from SSPC...
SSPC SP 14/NACE No. 8 Industrial Blast Cleaning 12 Learn more from SSPC...

The following Standard Developer Organizations are responsible for the publications listed above:
Developer Organization Name Website
ASTM ASTM International (originally known as the American Society for Testing and Materials) http://www.astm.org
AWS The American Welding Society http://www.aws.org
ISO International Organization for Standardization http://www.iso.org
NACE NACE International (formerly The National Association of Corrosion Engineers) http://www.nace.org
NFPA The National Fire Protection Association http://www.nfpa.org
OSHA U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety & Health Administration http://www.osha.gov
SSPC The Society for Protective Coatings http://www.sspc.org
TSS Thermal Spray Society - An Affiliate Society of ASM International http://tss.asminternational.org
US DoD U.S. Department of Defense http://www.defense.gov

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